Many people suffer from myopia, a well-known alteration of vision that often produces headaches, tired eyesight and red eyes. As we will see below, people who are diagnosed with myopia often see blur from afar, so various day-to-day activities can be uncomfortable and frustrating.
Do you suffer from some of the symptoms we mentioned above? Wondering how myopic people see and if you are one of them? In the following article, we will explain what myopia is, how does someone with myopia see.
How does someone with myopia see?
Myopia is a refractive failure of the eye, which is why people with this condition can see perfectly well what is close to them, but not those objects or things far away.
This failure is caused by a lack of light refraction in the eye; the light is not focused as it should and the images are not clearly perceived in the eyes of the myopic person. This usually happens because the lens, the cornea, or both are very powerful, or because the eye is longer than it should be. However, you should know that myopia is not considered a disease, but rather an eye focus disorder.
How myopic people see?
Have you ever wondered how myopic people see? Well, the truth is that in people who have totally healthy vision, the light is focused directly on the retina, while in those with myopia, the image is focused before reaching the retina, not on it, which is why which produces a blurred and distorted vision when trying to see objects in the distance. Consequently, people with myopia tend to get very close to the television, mobile phones and computers, etc.
Also, myopic people may feel rejection towards activities such as outdoor sports, computer games or other routines, since for them this is a frustrating and tiring effort. Myopic people often see people with blurred faces if they are not close, just as they see objects without details and shapeless buildings.
For you to see it more graphically, below we show you an image of how myopic people see a blackboard without and with glasses.
Types of myopia
Generally, three types of myopia can be distinguished:
Simple myopia: it is said of patients who have less than 6 diopters (a unit that expresses the refractive power of a lens) and is the most frequent. Stabilizes around 18 or 20 years.
Magna myopia is said of the patients that they exceed 6 dioptres and it is produced by an elongation of the eyeball. This can seriously affect the vision of people who have it.
Congenital myopia appears in the newborn due to alterations in the structures that make up the eye. It has a genetic origin and is hereditary, although it can also appear in some premature births.
Can myopia be corrected? Myopia Treatment
Before determining what treatment for myopia you need, you will have to go to the ophthalmologist and determine what type of myopia you have. To diagnose yourself, the professional will seat you at a certain distance from a panel called an optotype, which is made up of numbers and letters that decrease in size as more rows are lowered. You will have to identify the digits in front of you first with one covered eye and then with the other.
Wondering if myopia can be corrected? Luckily for those who suffer from this problem, there are different types of treatments to correct it:
Glasses or contact lenses: Glasses or contact lenses are the most frequent solution to myopia. It is a simple option, quite cheap and flexible, making it the first choice of many individuals.
Orthokeratology: If you believed that correcting vision and avoiding the constant use of glasses was impossible, you were very wrong. Orthokeratology lenses slow myopia growth by up to 45% while you can see clearly next. Many prefer this solution to contact lenses or glasses because it saves them the discomfort of having to wear something in their eyes during the day.
Refractive surgery: in any case, it should be the ophthalmologist who, through an examination and subsequent diagnosis, indicates which operation is the most suitable for you. The most frequent surgeries are implantation of intraocular lenses, laser eye surgery (LASIK) and photorefractive keratotomy (PRK).
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